Joska Soos once sent me an invitation leaflet in which he mentioned that the popular name for shamanism, as he knew it from growing up in a the shaman clan Bacsa, was Táltos. A Táltos is different from a regular shaman.
Joska Soos was in every regard a Táltos, (see Wikipedia’s definition below).
Joska Soos was born with the entire caul intact. As a child he was taken in the care of the local shaman to be educated in the shamanic practices. He was able to go into altered states of consciousness. Although he used a couple of sound instruments, he would always talk about “traveling without moving”. In other words, he could go directly into altered states without rituals, dancing and son. The shamans in his clan were all tending and breeding horses.
According to Roman Catholic priest Arnold Ipolyi, in his book “Magyar mitológia” (Hungarian Mythology) from 1854, a táltos was in direct contact with God during the prenatal period. Once born, the táltos had a special mission in life to cure both body and soul of other members of society. The táltos could be either male or female, and should be born with more bones than the usual, like six fingers (altogether 11 or 12 fingers) or already-grown-in teeth. A táltos could also be born with the caul. During their childhood, they had to be brought up in secret to learn everything to be a type of shaman. The táltos was able to go into a deep meditation called “révülés”, and in such a state could cure sickness of any kind. The táltos also had a mission to communicate with the entire Hungarian nation in a time of danger, to warn against invading armies or an impending cultural collapse. Shamans and difference The main difference between shaman and táltos: Shamans learn to be shamans, while táltos get their power during the prenatal period: they “know” everything once born. Shamans use external materials to go into meditation. Táltos can do “révülés” without anything. Shamans usually do some kind of acting (dancing, mumbling, etc.) when they are in “operation”, while táltos are always without any movement or sound. The shaman traditionally does not have a horse, while táltos tradition is tied to “táltos horse”. The táltos has a personalised mission in life from God.